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Montreal's Rizzuto crime family
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Thread: Montreal's Rizzuto crime family

  1. #1
    Administrator Moh's Avatar
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    Oct 2010

    Montreal's Rizzuto crime family

    Former mob boss Vito Rizzuto dies in hospital

    By Brian Daly
    QMI Agency

    MONTREAL — Time took care of crime boss Vito Rizzuto before his enemies could get to him.

    The 67-year-old died Monday morning of a lung ailment, ending his 35-year reign atop Canada's criminal underworld and throwing the Mafia into disarray.

    A source at Montreal's north-end Sacre-Coeur hospital confirms Rizzuto died Monday at 4 a.m.

    An ambulance transported Rizzuto to the hospital's emergency room on Saturday evening, with family members in tow. A source says he was confused and had a fever.

    Nicknamed "Montreal's Teflon don," Rizzuto ran a powerful organized crime syndicate for decades but was never convicted in Canada of anything more serious than conspiracy to commit arson.

    It took an American Mafia crackdown to finally reel him in.

    Rizzuto was extradited to New York in 2004 and pleaded guilty to racketeering in the 1981 murders of three dissenting captains in that city's Bonanno crime family. He was sentenced to 10 years in prison and fined $250,000 in May 2007.

    Former allies turned against him while he was gone, and the body count mounted.

    Vito's son Nick "The Ritz" Rizzuto and father Nicolo "Nick" Rizzuto Sr. were killed in 2009 and 2010, respectively.

    Family consigliere Paolo Renda vanished and hasn't been seen since, and close associate Agostino Cuntrera and his bodyguard were also killed, among several other associates.

    Vito reportedly re-established control of his crime family once he returned to Canada in October 2012. At least seven members of rival factions have been gunned down in the past 14 months.

    Toronto author Lee Lamothe, who was once sued by the Rizzutos for his Mob book The Sixth Family, told QMI Agency that the don's death could calm the ongoing bloodbath.

    "People in Montreal and Toronto and Hamilton are really breathing sighs of relief," said Lamothe, referring to Rizzuto rivals that included Calabrians in Ontario.

    "There's still a lot of people walking around that should be dead," Lamothe added. "And they just dodged a bullet."

    Vito Rizzuto was born Feb. 21, 1946, in Cattolica Eraclea, on the Italian island of Sicily, and immigrated to Canada as a young boy.

    His father Nick rose to power in the late 1970s after several top members of the reigning Violi family were assassinated.

    Vito soon took over the family from his father and built a massive empire, controlling drug, loansharking and prostitution rackets while allegedly buying off bureaucrats and politicians.

    He also forged relationships with bikers, Irish gangs and other criminals rather than waging costly wars.

    A protection scheme was said to be particularly lucrative for the Rizzutos.

    Mafia Inc., a 2011 book about the Mob by La Presse journalists Andre Noel and Andre Cedilot, says as many as 600 Montreal-area businesses were strong-armed into funnelling money to the crime syndicate.

    Rizzuto's name has also come up constantly at the Charbonneau commission, an ongoing public inquiry into corruption and collusion in public contracting.

    Witnesses have testified that Rizzuto and other Mafia figures received kickbacks from Quebec's construction contracts, took golfing trips with Montreal bureaucrats and even mediated disputes between entrepreneurs.

    In the months since his release from prison, Rizzuto was seen several times playing golf and shaking hands on the street in Montreal's Little Italy.

    But he also tried to keep a lower profile by selling his house on the notorious Rizzuto Row, a line of opulent north-end Montreal mansions where he and other family members lived.

    Former major-crimes investigator Richard Dupuis told QMI that Rizzuto survived so long because of his reputation, charisma and smarts.

    "When he spoke in private, people listened," said Dupuis. "His network of contacts was such that had someone dared to plot against him, he would be have been briefed quickly and he would have taken the necessary measures."

    Lamothe adds that entrenched corruption in Montreal didn't hurt.

    "That place is built on dead bodies and bribes," he said. "It will never change."


    Vito Rizzuto has few known remaining blood relatives. His son Leonardo is the family's lawyer who is currently a member in good standing of the Quebec Bar Association. Vito has several other loyal allies:

    - Rocco Sollecito: Childhood friend of Vito's and reportedly one of the five heads of the crime family. The 65-year-old has been in charge of the family's construction interests. Sources tell QMI Agency that Sollecito is likely the Mafia don's strongest ally, loyal "in life and to the death."

    - Francesco Arcadi: Perhaps the only other surviving member of the ruling executive. Took over family operations after Vito Rizzuto was sent to prison. Arcadi is currently serving a 15-year prison term.

    - Liborio "Poncho" Cuntrera: Son of murdered Rizzuto associate Agostino Cuntrera, who was killed along with his bodyguard in June 2010.

    MOB WAR BODY COUNT - 2004 to 2013

    Rizzuto Crime family:

    - Associate Sam Fasulo, shot dead in Montreal, January 2009

    - Nick "The Ritz" Rizzuto, Jr., shot dead in Montreal, December 2009

    - Drug trafficker Federico del Peschio, shot dead in Montreal, August 2009

    - Associate Ennio Bruni, shot dead in Montreal, September 2010

    - Acting boss Agostino Cuntrera and bodyguard Liborio Sciascia, shot dead in Montreal, June 2010

    - Nicolo "Nick" Rizzuto Sr., shot dead in Montreal, November 2010

    - Associate Giuseppe "Closure" Colapelle, shot dead in Montreal, March 2012

    - Enforcer Juan Ramon "Joe Bravo" Fernandez and associate Fernando Pimentel, shot dead near Palermo, Italy, May 2013.

    Breakaway Rizzuto faction:

    - Rival boss Salvatore "Sal The Ironworker" Montagna, shot dead in Charlemagne, Que., 2011

    - Ex-associate Joseph "Joe" Di Maulo, shot dead in Blainville, Que., November 2012

    - Gaetan Gosselin, shot dead in Montreal, January 2013

    - Vincenzo Scuderi, shot and killed in Montreal, January 2013

    - Giuseppe "Ponytail" De Vito, poisoned by cyanide at maximum-security Donnacona prison near Quebec City, July 2013

    - Ex-Rizzuto associate Moreno Gallo, shot dead in Acapulco, Mexico, November 2013

    - Di Maulo associate Roger Valiquette Jr., shot dead in Laval, Que., December 2013

    Ontario Calabrian Mob:

    - Salvatore "Sam" Calautti, Nick Rizzuto Sr.'s suspected assassin, shot dead in Woodbridge, Ont. along with James Tusek, July 2013.


  2. #2
    Moderator Mike's Avatar
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    Jun 2015

    Leonardo Rizzuto and Stefano Sollecito

    Montreal mafia instability may lead to even more bloodshed

    The Montreal mafia has been in a state of disarray since the death of longtime boss Vito Rizzuto and after a short lull, the violence has returned to the citys underworld. In a recent interview with the Montreal Gazette, former RCMP intelligence analyst and mafia author Pierre de Champlain gave his take on what is fueling the bloodshed in and around the mafia and what may lie ahead. Champlain is a leading mob insider and more often than not has an accurate take on organized crime in Montreal and across Canada. He called the ongoing situation on Montreal complex and difficult to follow and that he believed many remaining Montreal mafiosi are nervous, wondering if they are going to be next.

    According to law enforcement reports Leonardo Rizzuto and Stefano Sollecito are the new bosses of the Montreal mob, but have been unable to bring together the mafia clans in Montreal explains Champlain. The duo attempted to form new alliances with the Hells Angels and local street gangs only to have them fractured by recent events.

    No one has been able to stand out as an uncontested leader of the mafia in Montreal since the death of Vito back in 2013 which has caused the situation to remain violent and unstable. Sollecito and Rizzuto lead the Sicilian faction of the Rizzuto crime family or at least what remains of it, but there are other factions and rivalries and he believes there is someone trying to take control by inserting themselves into the conflict.

    Trying to get married before I turn 27.

  3. #3
    Moderator Mike's Avatar
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    Jun 2015
    4 Mafia Related Murders in the Past 7 Months

    Rivire des Prairies shooting linked to mafia

    Marco Claudio Campellone September 19 2015

    A 24-year-old man killed in a shooting outside a residence on Maurice-Duplessis Boulevard in Rivire des Prairies has been identified as Marco Claudio Campellone, according to Radio-Canada.

    Police received a number of 911 calls after multiple gunshots were heard around 8:45 p.m. on Friday night, near the corner of Alexis-Carrel Avenue.

    "When police officers got on site, they saw a man on the ground with many gunshots wounds," Montreal police Constable Anie Lemieux said.

    "He was taken to hospital where he was pronounced dead a little after arrival."

    No arrests have been made. Investigators are speaking with witnesses to determine the circumstances of the shooting.

    Campellone was the victim of an attempted murder in the same location two years ago.

    He was shot in the arm but refused to cooperate with police at the time.

    Campellone has a long criminal past.

    He was arrested in December 2011 during the dismantling of a drug trafficking ring allegedly linked to former Mafia leader Giuseppe De Vito.

    Campellone pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to commit drug trafficking and several counts of breaking bail conditions. He was sentenced to 12 months in prison.

    Lemieux said this is the city's 20th homicide so far this year.


    Rocco Zito January 31 2016

    Canada ex-mafia boss Rocco Zito shot dead in Toronto

    A former Mafia boss has been shot dead at his home in the Canadian city of Toronto.

    Rocco Zito, 87, had been a senior member of the notorious 'Ndrangheta, or Calabrian mafia, based in southern Italy, according to Canadian media.

    He was once one of Toronto's most powerful mafia leaders, the Toronto Sun reported.

    Zito's son-in-law, Domenico Scopelliti, has been charged with murder after turning himself in to police.

    Police said officers arrived at Zito's home on Friday to find a man with gunshot wounds. Attempts were made to resuscitate him but he died of his injuries.

    Officials did not immediately release the victim's name.

    Mr Scopelliti, 51, was named as a suspect and he surrendered to authorities on Saturday, a police statement said.

    He later appeared in court where he was charged with first-degree murder.

    Zito was born in Fiumara, Calabria, Italy, in 1928 and moved to Canada in the mid-1950s.

    He was reported to have had ties with branches of the 'Ndrangheta in New York, Montreal and Italy.

    Italian police say the 'Ndrangheta operates the biggest cocaine smuggling network in Europe.


    Lorenzo Giordano March 1 2016

    Former Rizzuto associate gunned down in Quebec parking lot

    Known Montreal Mafia member Lorenzo Giordano had been in prison for two years, serving a 15-year sentence, when he was transferred to a different prison in 2011 to ensure his own protection.

    Authorities had verified there was a conspiracy to have him murdered and ordered the transfer, even though he didn’t agree to it.

    Three months ago, when he was granted a statutory release, a decision from the Parole Board of Canada ordered that he serve the rest of his sentence in a local halfway house, on top of other conditions.

    “There is no information at this time to indicate that this situation is still current,” the board’s decision, rendered in December, says of the earlier murder conspiracy.

    But around 8:40 a.m. Tuesday morning, police received a call from someone who reported multiple gunshots outside Laval’s Carrefour Multisports near Highway 440.

    Giordano was sitting in his car in the parking lot when he was shot at least once. He was taken to a nearby hospital and died within hours.

    Authorities had feared the 52-year-old, who had reached a “position of high status within the organization,” would somehow regain his footing atop an increasingly unstable Montreal Mafia after being released.

    Giordano, nicknamed Skunk, was one of six men who acted as leaders in the Montreal Mafia while it was the focus of Project Colise, a lengthy RCMP-led investigation that left the Mafia’s ranks depleted after a number of arrests.

    The investigation targeted six men, including Giordano, who formed a committee that ran the Rizzuto organization after Vito Rizzuto was arrested in 2003, 10 years before dying of natural causes.

    Giordano pleaded guilty to gangsterism, conspiracy and possession of the proceeds of crime after being arrested in 2007 as part of the investigation, and was sentenced to 15 years in prison in 2009 — one of the harshest sentences handed out. He also had $100,000 worth of his belongings seized.

    Counting time already spent behind bars, Giordano had 10 years and three months left to serve at that point, but was released with conditions to a halfway house last December.

    Other conditions were also ordered: that he not be in contact with anyone believed to have links to organized crime, and that he not enter any “European-style cafs” or other places known to be frequented by members of organized crime.

    The written summary of the decision describes Giordano as “an important player who threatened and carried out acts of violence against individuals who owed money to the organization for illegal betting.”

    By his own admission, the decision reads, Giordano was impulsive, had the potential for violence, and didn’t hesitate to order threats or beatings to get people to pay their debts.

    He was a man attracted by the lure of fast and easy gain and who valued “the search and maintenance of a hedonistic lifestyle.”

    He had deeply rooted criminal values, the document says. He was first arrested at the age of 23, for theft and conspiracy to commit theft, and was later caught with an unregistered restricted weapon and charged with owning weapons with the intent to traffic them.

    While incarcerated, he was known to have “particular skills” that allowed him to maintain order during incidents in the institution. He worked as a unit cleaner and at the canteen.

    But most alarming to authorities was Giordano’s maintained ties to organized crime while he was incarcerated—he attended several dinners in prison that were organized by other inmates who were members of organized crime.

    “Several concerns remain, specifically information obtained by police authorities, regarding your return to the community in the current context of instability within (the Montreal Mafia),” the decision says. “And the fact that in this context, there is a possibility that you might resume your role of authority.”

    Giordano’s death is not likely to help that instability, said Pierre de Champlain, an author on organized crime.

    “The murder of Giordano taken as a whole is certainly, to me, a major coup for those who ordered it,” he said on Tuesday. “It conveys the message to everyone in the mob in Montreal that no one is really in charge now.”

    The situation has become so chaotic, confused and unpredictable, de Champlain said, that it will be difficult for anyone who wants to emerge as the next leader to do so.

    In November, some of the most well-known names in Montreal’s underworld were arrested as police uncovered an alliance between the Mafia, the Hells Angels and street gangs. Among the nearly 50 who were arrested were Rizzuto’s surviving son, Leonardo, and Stefano Sollecito, who police described as the new heads of the Mafia in Montreal.


    Yannick Larose March 21 2016

    Terrebonne shooting victim linked to Hells Angels

    A man who was shot and killed in a parking lot in Terrebonne Monday morning appears to be linked to the Hells Angels, according to numerous reports.

    Sret du Qubec police were not confirming media reports Monday that Yannick Larose, 42, was the man gunned down in broad daylight in the parking lot of a strip mall. Larose is apparently close with Mario Brouillette, 43, once considered to be a leading figure in the Hells Angels gang in Quebec.

    SQ Sgt. Marc Tessier said the man was shot in a parking lot on La Pinire Blvd. near Highway 640 around 10:45 a.m. He was declared dead in a hospital.

    A report said the man was shot while driving in his car, and he got out and ran into a nearby swimming pool supply store called Piscines Rive-Nord. One man entered the store and shot him three times, according to a witness who spoke to the Journal Le Revue. The man was given CPR on the spot until ambulance workers arrived, the witness said.

    Police believe there are at least two suspects who fled the scene after the attack. Several witnesses said the shooter was wearing a clown mask, but police would not confirm this detail.

    Terrebonne police confirmed to one media outlet that the shooting is somehow linked to a fire set to a van parked nearby. Witnesses said they saw the assailants getting into a van that matched its description shortly after the attack, according to Terrebonne weekly Journal Le Revue.

    SQ Sgt. Audrey-Anne Bilodeau said she was waiting to hear from investigators if the van was linked to the incident.

    Police didn’t know the possible motive for the attack, nor would they say if the suspects were men or women.


    Nino De Bartolomeis March 29 2016

    Attempted murder in RDP may have been a mob hit

    Montreal police are investigating after a man was shot inside his home in Riviere des Prairies Monday afternoon.

    Officers were called to the home near the corner of Paul-Emile Lamarche and Adolphe Rho at about 4:45 P.M.

    Inside they found a man who had been shot in the upper body. He was rushed to hospital in a critical condition but has since improved.

    According to reports the victim is 44-year-old Nino De Bartolomeis, also known as Nino Brown, a man with connections to the Rizzutto family.

    Police would not confirm the identity of the victim, only saying he is known to police and the shooting may have links to the Mafia.

    No arrests have been made.

    Trying to get married before I turn 27.

  4. #4
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    Montreal mafia leader Rocco Sollecito murdered

    Montreal mafia leader Rocco Sollecito was gunned down in broad daylight on Friday in the Montreal suburb of Laval. According to reports, Sollecito was shot to death behind the wheel of his BMW SUV at an intersection near the Laval police headquarters and was pronounced dead upon arrival at the hospital.

    Authorities believe the gunman was familiar with the 67-year-old mobster's routine and was waiting for him at a bus stop at the intersection. Witnesses reported hearing as many as eight gunshots and police have already classified the murder as a mafia hit.

    Sollecito is but the latest in a string of murders targeting Montreal mafia members and specifically the old guard of the Rizzuto crime family in recent years. Rocco had deep roots in the Montreal mob and was a longstanding presence for years. He was a senior member of the Rizzuto family leadership and was very close to former leaders Vito Rizzuto and Nicolo Rizzuto and currently acted as a close advisor to his son Stefano Sollecito. Stefano and Vito’s son Leonardo Rizzuto took over as leaders of the Rizzuto family after Vito passed away.

    Trying to get married before I turn 27.

  5. #5
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    Presumed mobster Angelo D’Onofrio killed in Ahunstic-Cartierville

    MONTREAL – Presumed mobster Angelo D’Onofrio was shot and killed Thursday afternoon at a caf in Ahuntsic-Cartierville.

    It happened around 4 p.m. when the 72-year-old was sitting at Caf Sinatra on Fleury Street.

    Police said he was shot several times at close range.

    D’Onofrio was taken to hospital, where he later died.

    He was allegedly a long-standing member of the mafia, but had recently retired.

    Witnesses told police the suspect was a young black male.

    “A black man with some dreads. Long dreads,” confirmed Andre-Anne Picard with Montreal police.

    The shooting came just one day before the funeral of alleged mafia-head Rocco Sollecito, who was killed last Friday.

    Trying to get married before I turn 27.

  6. #6
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    One of two missing Montreal brothers once thought he was the target of gangs

    Vincenzo Falduto and his 23-year-old brother Giuseppe went missing on June 30. Montreal police believe they were together at the time and have received information from the brothers’ family that “their lives and security are in danger.” The men were reported missing less than a day after they disappeared, and their parents gave an interview to the TVA television network last weekend saying they assume the worst.

    “I don’t want to cry like this every night, looking everywhere. I want (the people responsible) to bring me the bodies of my children,” the father told TVA while asking that his name not be broadcast. He also said he would not seek revenge on whoever was responsible for what may have happened to his sons.

    The same news network also reported that the brothers had ties to Marco Pizzi, 46, an influential figure within the Montreal Mafia who was arrested on May 11 in an RCMP-led drug-trafficking investigation dubbed Project Clemenza.

    Vincenzo Falduto was recently released from a federal penitentiary to a halfway house following a May 25 decision by the Parole Board of Canada. He was granted day parole on the three-year sentence he received, on Sept. 25, 2014, for the illegal possession of two handguns. When he entered the guilty pleas two years ago, a Quebec Court judge heard that the Montreal police had begun to investigate Vincenzo Falduto in August 2014 based on a tip. The informant, who was not identified in court, had told an investigator that Falduto was carrying a firearm because someone had tried to shoot him in January 2014.

    Falduto was placed under surveillance for several days until police gathered enough evidence to make an arrest while he was driving a vehicle. As police officers approached his car, he told them to “be careful” because there was a loaded gun in the handbag on the seat next to him. The police found the other firearm stuffed inside a shoe while searching a residence he was seen at.

    According to a written summary of the parole board decision, Vincenzo Falduto believed someone tried to kill him in January 2014 because, prior to the attempt on his life, “you began associating with an individual whom you suspected of having ties to organized crime. You are convinced that the shooting was a result of your association with this individual. You said you feared for your life and began looking for a way to protect yourself. You mentioned that you managed to find out who was responsible for the shooting and confronted the men whom you said were related to (a Reds or Bloods-affiliated street gang). You refused to provide a statement to police.”

    Trying to get married before I turn 27.

  7. #7
    Moderator Mike's Avatar
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    Marco Pizzi survives failed Montreal mafia hit

    An alleged Montreal mafioso was seemingly the target of a failed mafia hit as the bloody Montreal mafia war continues to drag on.

    According to the report, Marco Pizzi was followed by masked and armed hitmen in a stolen car that collided with him at an intersection in Montreal in an attempt to get Pizzi out of his car. As he exited his car the hitmen drew their weapons but Pizzi was able to flee on foot escaping without any shots being fired. The masked suspects also fled leaving police with only a minimal description. A SPVM spokesperson said, “All we can say is that we investigate an attempted murder in which the victim is known to police.” According to police Pizzi is a suspected cocaine importer with ties to the Rizzuto crime family.

    Trying to get married before I turn 27.

  8. #8
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    Jun 2015
    Hells Angels recovering, growing stronger in Quebec, crime experts say

    The Hells Angels are an ally of the mafia

    A brazen murder last week of a suspected smuggler linked to the Hells Angels is being interpreted as the latest sign that Quebec's most notorious biker gang is making a comeback.

    But as scores of gang members are being released from prison, organized crime experts say the Hells are not only seeking to reassert control of their traditional illegal enterprises. They are also branching into new businesses and trying to reinvent the way it operates.

    The death of Sylvain thier, gunned down Thursday night as he was leaving his home in Sainte-Thrse, is part of a cleanup within the organization, said Sylvain Tremblay, a former Sret du Qubec officer who worked on cases involving biker gangs.

    thier was arrested in March and accused of being a ringleader of a contraband tobacco ring. ​He may have failed to heed warnings that those being released wanted their territory back, the ex-SQ investigator said.

    "They're trying to restore order among those who wouldn't toe the line," Tremblay told Radio-Canada

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  9. #9
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    Jun 2015
    Sicilian Mafia brothers handed life sentence for deadly ambush on two gangsters from Canada

    After dramatic evidence from a killer who turned his back on the Mafia’s code of silence, two mobsters in Sicily were sentenced to life in prison for killing two gangsters from Canada, one of whom holds a mythic place in the underworld as such a dangerous man he made even hardened criminals quake.

    Juan Ramon Fernandez, 56, had been deported from Canada for his mob antics when he was cut down in a fusillade of bullets in 2013. Dying beside him in the ambush was Fernando Pimentel, 36, of Mississauga, who was visiting Italy to help his exiled boss.

    On Tuesday, after a lengthy stop-and-start trial, two brothers — who had also once lived in Canada — were found guilty of double murder, although Pietro Scaduto, 51, and Salvatore Scaduto, 54, deny their involvement.

    The third gunman who shot Fernandez and Pimentel on April 9, 2013, became a cooperating witness and gave hours of detailed testimony in court. Giuseppe Carbone, 47, who, like the others, previously lived in Canada, was sentenced to 16 years in prison.

    “Why were they killed, these two?” Fabio Marino, chairman of the Court of Assizes in Palermo, asked Carbone earlier at trial.

    “There was a Mafia war in Canada,” Carbone answered.

    The backdrop was the rebellion against Vito Rizzuto’s control of the Mafia in Montreal after Rizzuto was extradited to the United States in 2006 for three gangland murders. The rebellion was led by Raynald Desjardins, Carbone told court.

    Trying to get married before I turn 27.

  10. #10
    Moderator mostlyclassics's Avatar
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    Wilmette, IL
    I have to phrase carefully the next paragraph, lest I run afoul of the U.S. F.D.A.'s restrictions on free speech ("We're the F.D.A. We don't need no steenking First Amendment!"), but here goes. Please try to read between the lines.

    A goodly number of cigarette smokers have taken to vaping. Vaping is the process of vaporizing a liquid comprised of several F.D.A.-approved ("generally recognized as safe") liquids with a tiny bit of dissolved nicotine and inhaling the resulting vapor. The devices used to vaporize the liquid are either e-cigarettes or personal vaporizers. I can't say that anyone has quit smoking cigarettes using these devices, and I can't say that vaping is healthier for you than smoking, since doing either is now against F.D.A. regulations and would subject me to a $10,000 fine.

    The Canadian Government has in some ways decided to go further. Use of nicotine in e-cigarettes or personal vaporizers is against the law.

    There are a considerable number of vapers in Canada, most of whom want nicotine in their vaping devices. So, all nicotine liquid in Canada is smuggled. About 10% of it crosses the border via vaping visitors to the U.S. The rest is smuggled by the drug cartels, the tongs on the Canadian West Coast and the crime families in the eastern cities. It is thought that the crime families in Montreal and Toronto have a majority share of the illegal nicotine market. It's proven to be very lucrative for all the criminals involved.

    Maybe the Canadian government should make liquid nicotine legal and choke off one large source of income for the criminals? Naw . . . that would make too much sense.

    (Please note that I've accused the F.D.A. of violating the U.S. Constitution, while I've only accused the Canadian Government of stupidity, a normal condition of all governments everywhere and hardly remarkable.)

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